International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Opportunity and Constraints of Beekeeping in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The study was aimed at identifying potential opportunities and constraints of beekeeping in Horo district, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Formal and informal survey methods were used to collect information of secondary data and response on structured questionnaires. For the study 30 household beekeepers from each kebele at total of one hundred eighty households were selected randomly from both highland and midland agro-ecology. From 180 household head interviewed 98.9% were male headed and the rest 1.1% were female headed households. 90% of respondents attended primary and junior school level education. The major opportunities to engage on honeybee beekeeping were presence of governmental organization and Non-governmental Organization that works on beekeeping towards its improvement, readiness of beekeepers to accept new technology, presence of huge numbers of honeybee colony, availability of lending institutions, beekeepers' experience, soil and water conservation practices of the area, abundant honeybee forages, sufficient water sources for honeybees and marketing situation of honeybee products. Whereas, the major constraints that affects beekeeping in the district were pesticide and herbicide application (17.8%), pests (16.1%), beekeeping equipment (14.4%), shortage of bee forage (11.7%), lack of improved beehive (10%), migration (7.8%), Absconding (7.2%), lack of extension services (5.6%), swarming (3.9%) and dearth of bee colony (2.2%). Generally, the high potential is manifested with abundance of honeybees, availability of honeybee flora, demand of honeybee product in market and experience of honey beekeeper in the areas. These potentials were under exploited due to existence of constraints demanding immediate intervention, particularly on improved technology adoption and frequent improvement of beekeepers knowledge and skill is mandatory.

Constraints, Honeybee, Horo, Opportunity

APA Style

Alemayehu Tolera, Desalegn Begna. (2021). Opportunity and Constraints of Beekeeping in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. International Journal of Management and Fuzzy Systems, 7(4), 80-86.

ACS Style

Alemayehu Tolera; Desalegn Begna. Opportunity and Constraints of Beekeeping in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Int. J. Manag. Fuzzy Syst. 2021, 7(4), 80-86. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210704.12

AMA Style

Alemayehu Tolera, Desalegn Begna. Opportunity and Constraints of Beekeeping in Horo District, Horo Guduru Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Int J Manag Fuzzy Syst. 2021;7(4):80-86. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmfs.20210704.12

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Bekele T., 2006. Beekeeping practices, factors affecting production, quality of honey and beeswax in Bale Zone, Oromia Region. M.Sc. Thesis.
2. Bekele T., Desalegn B., and Mitiku E., (2017): Beekeeping practices, trends and constraints in Bale, South-eastern Ethiopia.
3. Bekuma A., 2018. Study on Challenges and Opportunities of Beekeeping in Gimbi District, West Wollega Zone, Ethiopia. J Vet Sci Technol 9: 569. doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000569.
4. Beyene T. and Marco V. 2014. Assessment of constraints and opportunities of honey production in Wonchi District South West Shewa Zone of Oromia, Ethiopia. American Journal of Research Communication,, ISSN: 2325-4076.
5. Chala K., 2010. Honey Production, Marketing System and Quality Assessment in Gomma Woreda, South Western Ethiopia.
6. CSA (Central Statistical Agency), 2013. Agricultural sample survey 2017/2018, volume II. Report on Livestock and Livestock characteristics. Addis Ababa. Statistical Bulletin, P. 570.
7. Desalegn B (2007). Assessment on the effect of ant (Dorylusfulvus) on honeybee colony (Apis mellifera) and their products in West and Southwest Shewa Zone. Proceedings of fifth National Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Beekeepers Association (EBA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp. 13-25.
8. Desalegn B., 2014. Assessment of Pesticides Use and its Economic Impact on the Apiculture Subsector in Selected Districts of Amhara Region, Ethiopia.
9. Edessa N., 2005. Survey on honey bee production system in west Shoa zone proceeding of the Ethiopian beekeeper associations.
10. Gemechis L., 2014. Review of progress in Ethiopian honey production and marketing. Holeta Bee Research Center (HBRC), Holeta. P. O. Box 22 Ethiopia.
11. Gichora. M. 2003. Towards Realization of Kenya’s Full Beekeeping Potential: A Case Study of Baringo district. Ecology and Development series No. 6 2003. CuvillierVerlag Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany. 157p.
12. Gidey Y. and Mekonen T. 2012. Participatory Technology and Constraints Assessment to Improve the Livelihood of Beekeepers in Tigray Region, northern Ethiopia. Momona Ethiopia journal of Science, Vol. 2 No. 1.
13. Horo Woreda Agricultural office, 2008. Basic data of Horo district.
14. IVCA (Integrated Value Chain Analyses), 2009. Integrated Value Chain Analyses for Honey and Beeswax Production and Marketing in Ethiopia and Prospects for Exports. The Netherlands Development Organization (SNV). pp 9-10.
15. Kerealem E., 2005. Honeybee Production Systems, Opportunities and Challenges in Enebse Sar Midir Wereda (Amhara Region) and Amaro Special Woreda (Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region), Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis.
16. Kerealem Ejigu, Tilahun Gebey and Preston T R. 2009. Constraints and prospects for apiculture research and development in Amhara region, Ethiopia.
17. MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development). (2016). the third residue monitoring plan for honey from Ethiopia. Produced by members of the Ethiopian Honey and Beeswax Producers and Exporters Association (EHBPEA). Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
18. Mulgeta D., 2014. Horo Woreda Honey and other Bee products Value chain analysis.
19. Nuru A., 1999. Quality state and grading of Ethiopian honey. pp. 74-82. Proceedings of the first National Conference of Ethiopian Beekeepers Association (EBA), June 7-8, 1999, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
20. Nuru Adigaba. 2002. Geographical races of the honeybees (Apis mellifera L) of the northern regions of Ethiopia. PhD Dissertation, Rhodes University, South Africa.
21. Rivera J, Losada H, Lopez M, Cortes J, Vieyra J Y and Grande D (2007): Production system of honey bees in the peri-urban area of the south east of Mexico City. Livestock Research for Rural Development v. 19 (2): p. 29.
22. Sebsib A., 2018. Beekeeping Practice, Opportunities, Marketing and Challenges in Ethiopia: Review. Dairy and Vet Sci J. 2018; 5 (3): 555662. DOI: 10.19080/JDVS.2018.05.555662.
23. Shenkute G., Yemisrach G., Dejen A., Nuru A., Gebeyehu G. and Workneh A., 2012. Honey production systems (Apis mellifera L.) in Kaffa, Sheka and Bench-Maji zones of Ethiopia.
24. Tessega B., 2009. Honeybee Production and Marketing Systems, Constraints and opportunities in Burie District of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. A Thesis Submitted to the Department of Animal Science and Technology, School of Graduate Studies Bahirdar University.
25. Workneh A., 2006. Identification and documentation of indigenous knowledge of beekeeping practice. Proceedings of the 14th Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, ESAP. Addis Ababa.